Pre-battle Documents
CinCPac. Operation Plan 29-42 CinCPac. Letter. May 28, 1942 Cmdr PatWing 2. Memorandum Cmdr VP-44. Operation Plan CO 6th Def. Bn. Instruction
Action Reports
CinCPac. June 28, 1942 Cmdr TF 16. June 16, 1942 Cmdr TF 17. June 14, 1942 CO CV-5. June 18, 1942 CO CV-6. June 8,  1942 CO CV-6. June 13, 1942 CO CV-8. June 13, 1942 Cmdr VB-3. June 10, 1942 Cmdr VS-5. June 7,  1942 Cmdr VB-6. June 10, 1942 Cmdr VS-6. June 20, 1942 CO NAS Midway. June 18, 1942 OO NAS Midway. June 15, 1942 CO 6th Def.Bn. June 13, 1942 CO MAG-22. June 7, 1942 XO MAG-22. June 7, 1942 CO VMF-221. June 6, 1942 CO VMSB-241. June 12, 1942
War Diaries, Logs
NAS Midway. May 1942 NAS Midway. June 1942 CV-6 War Diary. June 1942 CV-8 Deck Logs. June 1942
Early Researches
ONI Combat Narratives, 1943 The Japanese Story, 1947 Naval War College, 1948
CO U.S.S. Enterprise (CV6). Action Report. June 8, 1942
CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942

 

 

From:
To:
Via:


Subject:


Reference:


Enclosures: 
The Commanding Officer.
The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet.
Commander Task Force SIXTEEN.
(Rear Admiral R.A. Spruance, U.S. Navy).

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.

(a) Articles 712 and 874, U.S. Navy
    Regulations, 1920.

(A) Track Chart.
(B) Photographs of enemy CA, damaged in
    the action of June 6, 1942.
(C) Executive Officer's Report.

 

I. PRELIMINARY.

1.    On the afternoon and evening of June 3, 1942, the general situation prior to the battle was as follows (times throughout are Zone plus 10): Task Force Seventeen and Task Force Sixteen had previously rendezvoused in the general vicinity of "Point Luck", approximately 350 miles northeast of Midway Island and were operating in that area closing Midway during darkness and opening during the day, remaining east of the longitude of Midway. Both Task Forces had completed fueling to capacity and the oilers despatched to their rendezvous. The Senior Officer Present Afloat and Officer in Tactical Command was in YORKTOWN. The two task forces were separated but were within visual contact. They were operating independently but generally conforming in their movements. At 2150 course was changed to 210° T. toward a 0630, June 4, rendezvous (31° 30' N; 176° 30' W) designated by Commander Task Force 17. At 1812 a radio message from Flight 312 to Radio Midway was intercepted "2 enemy destroyers 2 cargo vessels course 020 speed 13".

 

2.    At 2000, June 3, 1942, ENTERPRISE, Flagship of Commander Task Force 16 was in position 33° 16' N, 175° 46' W, course 100° T, speed 15 knots and zigzagging according to Plan Number 7. Wind south 9, clouds cumulus 7, visibility 30, sea smooth.

 

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CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942.

Subject:      

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

3.    The following significant messages were received during the night of June 3 - 4:

 

At 0447 - from Flight 44 to Radio Midway "large enemy forces bearing 261°T, distance 500 course 080 speed 13 x ten ships".
At 0734 - from Flight 58 to Radio Midway "enemy carriers".
At 0753 - from Flight 58 to Radio Midway "many planes heading Midway bearing 320° distance 150".
At 0803 - from Flight 92 to Radio Midway "2 carriers and battleships bearing 320° distance 180 course 135 speed 25".
At 0807 - from Commander Task Force 17 to Commander Task Force 16 "proceed southwesterly and attack enemy carriers when definitely located".

II. THE ACTION.

Time

0906 - Commenced launching attack group of 33 VSB, 14 VT, 10 VF.
       15 VSB armed with one 1000 lb. bomb each.
       12 VSB armed with one 500 lb. bomb and two
       100 lb. bombs.
       6 VSB armed with one 500 lb. bomb each.
       14 VTB armed with torpedoes.

1015 - Type 97 enemy twin-float seaplane sighted bearing 180°T., distance 72,000 yards. Combat Patrol failed to find this plane although radar and lookouts confirmed its position.

1129 - 1132 - Launched 8 VF for second Combat Patrol

1145 - 1152 - Landed first Combat Patrol 8 VF.

1202 - Commander ENTERPRISE Air Group sighted Japanese Force composed of 4 CV, 2 BB, 4 CA, 6 DD.

1220 - VT commenced attack; probably one hit on CV.

1222 - VSB commenced dive bombing attack; two (2) CV badly damaged with many direct bomb hits, left in flames. Posi- tion of enemy force, Lat. 30° 05' N, Long. 178° 50' W.

1244 - 1247 - Launched 8 VF for third Combat Patrol.

1255 - Commenced landing VF escort.

 

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CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942.

Subject:      

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

1316 - 1329 - Landed second Combat Patrol 8 VF.

1337 - 1340 - Launched 8 VF, fourth Combat Patrol.

1405 - 20 enemy planes reported bearing 310° coming in. (Attack on YORKTOWN followed).

1410 - Completed landing attack group.

1433 - 1435 - Launched 8 VF, fifth Combat Patrol.

1437 - 1438 - Landed 5-B-3 and 5-B-16 (YORKTOWN planes). YORKTOWN pilot reported YORKTOWN in bad shape. Heavy smoke seen from YORKTOWN.

1442 - 1448 -Landed 5-B-7, 5-B-8, 5-B-9, 5-B-10, 5-B-12, 5-B-14, 5-B-15 (YORKTOWN planes).

1451 - 1459 - Landed 5-F-2, 5-F-3, 5-F-8, 5-F-21, 5-B-4, 5-B-5, 5-B-6, 5-B-11, 5-B-13, 5-B-17 (YORKTOWN planes).

1504 - 1505 - Landed 5-F-10, 5-F-15 (YORKTOWN planes).

1539 - 1541 - Launched 6 VF, sixth Combat Patrol.

1547 - 1559 - Landed third and fourth Combat Patrol, 16 VF.

1610 - VF shot down seaplane tracker 50 miles south of our force.

1645 - Received message from YORKTOWN scout, "1 CV, 2 BB, 3 CA, 4 DD, 31° 15' N, 179° 05' W, course 000, speed 15."

1730 - Commenced launching attack group composed of 24 VSB.
       11 VSB armed with one 1000 lb. bomb each.
       13 VSB armed with one 500 lb. bomb each.

1742 - 1752 - Landed fifth and sixth Combat Patrols 10 VF. 6-F-12 Mach. Warden missing and reported to have landed in water out of gas. Also landed 3 VF and 3 VSB from YORKTOWN. Landed 6-S-16 from Attack Group.

1835 - Combat Patrol (6-F-1 shot down 4-engine enemy seaplane).

1842 - 1846 - Launched 12 VF for ninth Combat Patrol.

1850 - 1852 - Landed 5 VF of seventh Combat Patrol. Also landed 1 VF and 4 VSB from YORKTOWN.

1905 - Attacked Japanese Force composed of 1 CV, 2 BB, 3 CA, 4 DD, position Lat. 31° 40' N, Long. 179° 10' W. Left 1 CV and 1 BB severely damaged and mass of flames.

1928 - 1930 - Landed 2 VF of eight Combat Patrol and 1 VF from YORKTOWN.

1958 - 2005 - Launched 20 VF for tenth Combat Patrol.

2008 - 2034 - Landed 20 VSB of Attack Group. (3 did not return). Landed 9 VF of ninth Combat Patrol. Landed 2 VF of tenth Combat Patrol.

2034 - Completed landing attack group.

 

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CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942.

Subject:      

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

2046 - 2056 - Landed 17 VF of tenth Combat Patrol.

2120 - Landed 1 VF of tenth Combat Patrol. Last plane landed.

 

During the night June 4-5 distance from Midway of approximately 150 miles was maintained by steaming east and north and then retracing the track.

 

June 5, 1942.

 

Wind SE 9, clouds cumulus 9, visibility 20, sea smooth.

 

1025 - 1029 - Launched 12 VF for first Combat Patrol. 6 YORKTOWN VF to land aboard HORNET upon completion of patrol.

1300 - 1302 - Launched 6 VF for second Combat Patrol.

1315 - 1318 - Landed 6 VF of first Combat Patrol.

1616 - 1619 - Landed second Combat Patrol 6 VF.

1700 - Commenced launching attack group composed of 32 VSB (VB-3, VB-6, VS-5, VS-6). Objective 1 burning CV, 2 BB, 3 CA, 4 DD. Position of objective given as at 1000, Lat. 32° - 00' N, Long. 179° - 32' W, course 310, speed 12 knots. (Approximate distance estimated to be 230 miles.)
       32 VSB with one 500 lb. bomb each.

2030 - Objective not found. Attacked 1 CL position Lat. 33 00' N, Long. 177° - 00' E. Damage undetermined.

2058 - 2100 - Landed third Combat Patrol

2203 - Completed landing group; 30 VSB plus 5 VSB from HORNET.

 

During the night June 5 - 6, the course was 280° T, the speed 16 knots and zigzag Plan Number 6 was followed during moonlight.

 

June 6, 1942.

 

Wind SW 16, clouds cumulus 2, visibility 50, sea smooth.

 

0702 - Launched search group of 18 VSB to search relative
sector 180°- 360° (T) distance 200 miles.
       18 VSB with one 500 lb. bomb each.
       Four of these landed on HORNET.
       Fourteen returned with bombs.
Launched first Combat Patrol 6 VF.

 

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CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942.

Subject:      

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

0759 - Landed 6-B-17 -- Deferred forced landing.

0845 - 8-B-2 (operating from ENTERPRISE) contacted enemy, 1 CV, 5 DD, position Lat. 29°33' N, Long. 174°50' E, course 270°.

0930 (about) -- Contact report on enemy -- 2 CA, 2 DD, Lat. 28° 55' N, Long. 175° 10' E, course 215°, speed 15.

0952 - 0954 - Launched 6 VF second Combat Patrol.

0959 - 1009 - Landed first Combat Patrol 6 VF.

1015 - 1039 - Landed 14 VSB from morning search.

1231 - Launched 8 VF third Combat Patrol.

1245 - Commenced launching attack group composed of 31 VSB,
3 VT, 12 VF, position of objective given as of 1350,
Lat. 29° 33' N, Long. 175° 35' E, course 270°
speed 15 knots, armed as follows:
      31 VSB with one 1000 lb. bomb each.
       3 VTB with torpedoes.

1315 - 1316 - Landed second Combat Patrol, 6 VF.

1350 - Commenced attack, dive bombing and VF strafing. VT did not attack. Damage: left 1 CA (MOGAMI) severely damaged and aflame, 1 CL damaged, 1 DD damaged with minor explosions. (Note: There was no CV in this group.)

1527 - 1615 - Landed third Combat Patrol, 6 VF. (HORNET took over Combat Patrol). Landed 10 VF of Attack Group. Landed 28 VSB of Attack Group, Two HORNET planes and 6-B-1 landed on HORNET.
Landed 3 VTB of Attack Group with torpedoes, attack not completed.

1753 - Launched 2 VSB for photographic flight of above damaged ships. Photographs are Enclosure (B).

1829 - 1835 - Launched 12 VF for fourth Combat Patrol.

1844 - Landed 6-F-7. Could not retract wheels.

1950 - Landed 6-F-26. Deferred forced landing.

2100 - Landed fourth Combat Patrol.

2107 - Recovered photographic group.

 

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CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942.

Subject:      

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

III. PERSONNEL AND MATERIAL.

1.    The attack delivered upon enemy carriers by the torpedo squadrons of our forces is believed to be without parallel for determined and courageous action in the face of overwhelming odds. These crews were observed to commence their attack against heavy anti-aircraft fire from the enemy carriers and supporting vessels while opposed by enemy Zero fighters in large numbers. The enemy fighter opposition was so strong and effective that ten torpedo planes out of fourteen of Torpedo Squadron SIX did not return. It is recommended that the Navy Cross be awarded to each pilot and gunner of Torpedo Squadron SIX who participated in this bold and heroic attack. A separate letter containing details of all aircraft attacks and specific recommendations for awards will be submitted.

 

2.    Personnel losses in the Air Group were heavy, particularly Torpedo 6. A summary to date which is subject to final check is as follows:-

TORPEDO SIX

PlanePilot

Gunner
6T1LtCdr. E.E. Lindsey, USN. GRENAT, C.T., 279 45 11,
   ACRM, USN.
6T2Ens. S.L. Rombach, A-V(N),USNR.  GLENN, W.F., 360 18 53,
   ARM2c, USN.
6T6Lt.(jg) J.T. Eversole, USN.LANE, J.U., RM2c,
   290 90 90, USN.
6T9Ens. R.M. Holder, A-V(N),USNR. DURAWA, G.J.,300 32 99,
   ARM3c, USN.
6T10Lt. A.V. Ely, USN. LINDGREN, A.R., 223 42 69,
   RM3c, USN.
6T12Ens. F.C. Hodges, A-V(N),USNR. BATES, J.H., 368 48 44,
   RM2c, USN.
6T13Lt. P.J. Riley, USN. MUSHINSKI, E.J., 268 28 74,
   ARM2c, USN.
6T14  Ens. J.W. Brock, USN. BLUNDELL, J.M., 410 41 61,
   ARM3c, USN.
6T7Lt.(jg) L. Thomas, USN. LITTLEFIELD, H.F., 238 59 08,
   ARM2c,USN.
6T8Mach. A.W. Winchell, USN. COSSITT, D.M., 413 55 55,
   RM3c, USNR.

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CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942.

Subject:      

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

BOMBING SIX

PlanePilot

Gunner
6B5Lt.(jg) W.E.Roberts,A-V(N),USNR. STEINMAN, W.B., 376 01 68,
   AMM1c, USN.
6B6Ens. D.W. Halsey, A-V(N),USNR. JENKINS, J.W., 372 17 00,
   RM3c, USN.
6B8 Ens. T.F. Schneider, A-V(N),USNR. HOLDEN, G.L., 300 09 02,
   ARM2c, USN.
6B9Ens. E.A. Greene, A-V(N),USNR. MUNTEAN, S.A., 401 42 22,
   RM3c, USNR.
6B11  Ens. T.W. Ramsay, A-V(N),USNR. DUNCAN, S.L., 376 06 50,
   AMM2c, USN.
6B13Lt.(jg) J.J. VanBuren, USN. NELSON, H.W., 382 02 30,
   ARM1c, USN.
6B14 Ens. N.F. Vandivier, A-V(N),USNR.  KEANEY, L.E.J., 283 21 96,
   Sea1c, USN.
6B15 Ens. G.H. Goldsmith, A-V(N),USNR. PATTERSON, J.W., 376 23 15,
   ARM3c, USN.
6B18Ens. B.S. Varian, A-V(N),USNR. YOUNG, C.R., 356 55 07,
   ARM3c, USN.
6B3Ens. F.T. Weber, A-V(N),USNR. HILBERT, E.L., 362 18 62,
   AOM3c, USN.

SCOUTING SIX

PlanePilot

Gunner
6S3Ens. J.Q. Roberts, A-V(N),USNR. SWINDELL, T.R., 262 28 14,
   AOM1c, USN.
6S15Ens. J.R. McCarthy, A-V(N),USNR. HOWELL, E.E., 382 11 71,
   RM3c, USN.
6S12Ens. C.D. Peiffer, A-V(N),USNR. JECK, F.C., 224 16 97,
   Sea1c, USN.
6S4Lt. C.R. Ware, USN. STAMBAUGH, W.H., 287 22 69,
   ARM1c, USN.
6S5 Ens. F.H.O'Flaherty, A-V(N),USNR. GAIDO, B.P., 300 20 05,
   AMM1c, USN.
6S6 Ens. F.A. Shelton, A-V(N), USNR. CRAIG, D.W., 412 11 15,
   RM3c, USNR
6S14Ens. J.C. Lough, A-V(N),USNR. HANSEN, L.D., RM3c,
   368 49 16, USN.
6S1Ens. J.N. Vammen, A-V(N),USNR. GLARK, M.W., AMM2c,
   356 14 29, USN.

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CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942.

Subject:      

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

3.    Aircraft losses as the result of 3 days action:

 

Torpedo SIX

Bureau No.

(Ten (10))

6T1 - TBD-10289
6T2 - TBD-11512
6T6 - TBD-10366
6T7 - TBD-10294
6T8 - TBD-10367
6T9 - TBD-10378
6T10 - TBD-10342
6T12 - TBD-10365
6T13 - TBD-11505
6T14 - TBD-10327
Bombing SIX

Bureau No.   


(Eleven (11))

6B3 - SBD-34682
6B5 - SBD-34581
6B6 - SBD-22153
6B7 - SBD-34532
6B8 - SBD-22105
6B9 - SBD-22123
6B11 - SBD-34620
6B13 - SBD-22180
6B14 - SBD-22125
6B15 - SBD-34542
6B18 - SBD-22145
Scouting SIX

Bureau No.


(Nine (9))

6S1 - SBD-303207
6S3 - SBD-3 8524
6S4 - SBD-303206
6S5 - SBD-303224
6S6 - SBD-303225
6S10 - SBD-303208
6S12 - SBD-3 4600
6S14 - SBD-3 4612
6S15 - SBD-3 4615
Fighting SIX

Bureau No.


(One (1))

6F12 - F4F-45062

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CV6/A16-3/(60-Br)
    ( 0133 )
U. S. S. ENTERPRISE (CV6)
CONFIDENTIAL  
At Sea
June 8, 1942.

Subject:      

Battle of Midway Island, June 4 - 6, 1942 -
Report of.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

4.    Ammunition expended:

 

Expended

 

    57     1000-lb. bombs

    67      500-lb. bombs

    22      100-lb. bombs

48,000      .50 caliber

40,000      .30 caliber

 

5.    Steps have been taken to replenish Air Group losses of personnel and material.

 

6.    The ship, although subjected to threat of air attack on several occasions experienced no actual attack and suffered no damage during actions on June 4-5-6.

 

7.    It is extremely difficult to determine the extent of the damage inflicted upon the enemy by ENTERPRISE, as the air groups of all carriers, as well as land based aircraft at Midway, participated in continuous attacks on enemy units throughout the three days action. Based upon reports available to ENTERPRISE, it is estimated the following damage was inflicted upon the enemy:

 

3 CV's sunk.

1 CV on fire and badly damaged (probably
sank night of June 5)

1 CA wrecked and abandoned.

3 CA heavily bombed.

3 DD sunk.

 

8.    The efficiency of the ship for war operations is considered outstanding and all munitions of war are considered satisfactory.


G. D. MURRAY.

 

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