Gridley & Benham classes DESTROYERS
 
USN Destroyer DD-401 "Maury"
Displacement: 2,220 t (1,500 t Std)Machinery: 4 (3) boilers*, 2 shafts  DP Guns: 4×1×5 in (127 mm)/38
Max Length: 340 ft 9 in 103.9 mMax Power: 50,000 hp 36 775 kW AA Guns: 6×1×.79 in (20 mm)
Beam: 36 ft 6 in 10.8 mMax Speed: 38.5 kts 71.3 km/h Torpedo Battery: 4×4×21 in (533 mm)
Draght: 13 ft 3 in 4.04 m Range: 6,500 nm 12 000 km Depth Charges: 2 roller racks, 4 throwers
Complement: 158 officers and enlisted Bunkerage: 484 t fuel oil Sensors: Surface and air radars, sonar   

  * Gridley class - 4, Benham class - 3 boilers. ** Armament as during the Battle of Midway (June 1942).

The Gridley and Benham classes destroyers introduced the next advance in machinery among the 1,500-tonners. The ships retained the basic hull of the previous Mahan class but featured an advanced powerplant with higher-pressure boilers, and a single stack to increase deck space for the heaviest torpedo battery ever among U.S. destroyers, reflecting an increased emphasis on torpedo tactics in vogue at the time they were designed.

The Gridleys and Benhams were armed with as many as sixteen 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes in four quadruple mounts—two on each side of the weather deck, fitted abaft the stack—but to do so, they sacrificed the midships 5 in (127 mm) dual purpose gun of the Mahan and Farragut classes, leaving a total of only four (the forward two shielded against the weather, the others open). The anti-aircraft armament was initially consisted of four .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns, but by the beginning of WWII they were replaced with six single .79 in (20 mm) Oerlikon autocannons. Anti-submarine armament consisted of two depth charge roller racks was also reinforced with four K-type depth charge throwers.

One Gridley class destroyer (DD-401 Maury) and two Benham class (DD-397 Benham and DD-398 Ellet) took part in the Battle of Midway as a part of Task Force 16 Destroyer Screen (Task Group 16.4).

 

Ship Builder Laid Down    Launched    Commisioned    Fate
 DD-380  Gridley U. S. Navy Yard. Boston, MA   3 Jun 1935     1 Dec 1936   24 Jun 1937   Sold for scrap 20 Aug 1947
 DD-382 Craven Bethlehem Steel Corp. Quincy, MA   3 Jun 1935   25 Feb 1937     2 Sep 1937   Sold for scrap   2 Oct 1947
 DD-400 McCall Bethlehem Shipbuiding Corp. CA 17 Mar 1936   20 Nov 1937   22 Jun 1938   Sold for scrap 17 Nov 1947
 DD-401 Maury Bethlehem Shipbuiding Corp. CA 24 Mar 1936   14 Feb 1938     5 Aug 1938   Sold for scrap 13 Jun 1946
 
 DD-397 Benham Federal Shipbuilding. Kearny, NJ   1 Sep 1936   16 Apr 1938     2 Feb 1939   Sunk in action 15 Nov 1942
 DD-398 Ellet Federal Shipbuilding. Kearny, NJ   3 Dec 1936   11 Jun 1938   17 Feb 1939   Sold for scrap   1 Aug 1947
 DD-399 Lang Federal Shipbuilding. Kearny, NJ   5 Apr 1937   28 Aug 1938   30 Mar 1939   Sold for scrap 20 Dec 1946
 DD-402 Mayrant  U. S. Navy Yard. Boston, MA 15 Apr 1937   14 May 1938   13 Sep 1939   Sunk as target   4 Apr 1948
 DD-403 Trippe U. S. Navy Yard. Boston, MA 15 Apr 1937   14 May 1938     1 Nov 1939   Sunk as target   3 Feb 1948
 DD-404 Rhind U. S. Navy Yard. Philadelphia, PA 22 Sep 1937   28 Jul 1938   10 Nov 1939   Sunk as target 22 Mar 1948
 DD-405 Rowan U. S. Navy Yard. Norfolk, VA 25 Jun 1937     5 May 1938   23 Sep 1939   Sunk in action 11 Sep 1943
 DD-406 Stack U. S. Navy Yard. Norfolk, VA 25 Jun 1937     5 May 1938   20 Nov 1939   Sunk as target 24 Apr 1948
 DD-407 Sterett U. S. Navy Yard. Charleston, SC   2 Dec 1936   27 Oct 1938   15 Aug 1939   Sold for scrap 10 Aug 1947
 DD-408 Wilson U. S. Navy Yard. Puget Sound, WA 22 Mar 1937   12 Apr 1939     5 Jul 1939   Sunk as target   8 Mar 1948